Chancellor Rishi Sunak has avoided increasing income tax rates, as some feared, but has frozen income tax and other thresholds until 2026 meaning people will likely pay more tax as earnings rise.
In his Budget today he announced he would maintain the income tax Personal Allowances this year including an increase due in April.
He will also maintain the higher rate threshold and National Insurance contributions Upper Earnings Limit and Upper Profits Limit at their 2021-2022 levels up to and including 2025-2026.
The Personal Allowance threshold at £12,570 will then be frozen until 2026 along with the higher rate threshold at £50,270 for 2022 to 2023, 2023 to 2024, 2024 to 2025 and 2025 to 2026.
The additional rate threshold is fixed at £150,000. The NICs Upper Earnings Limit and Upper Profits Limit will remain aligned to the higher rate threshold at £50,270 for these years.
The Treasury says this policy takes steps to ensure the "sustainability" of the public finances.
The Personal Allowance applies across the UK.
The higher rate threshold and additional rate threshold for savings and dividends income also apply UK-wide. The higher rate threshold and additional rate threshold for non-saving non-dividend income only apply to taxpayers in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
Income tax thresholds on non-savings, non-dividend income for Scottish taxpayers are set by the Scottish Parliament. The NICs Upper Earnings Limit and Upper Profits Limit apply across the UK.
The table shows the income tax bands for years 2020 to 2021 until 2025 to 2026, including the relevant bands in Scotland.
|Band||Tax rate||Income tax bands|
|2020 to 2021||2021 to 2022||2022 to 2023||2023 to 2024||2024 to 2025||2025 to 2026|
|Personal allowance||0%||Up to £12,500||Up to £12,570||Up to £12,570||Up to £12,570||Up to £12,570||Up to £12,570|
|Basic rate||20%||£12,501 to £50,000||£12,571 to £50,270||£12,571 to £50,270||£12,571 to £50,270||£12,571 to £50,270||£12,571 to £50,270|
|Higher rate||40%||£50,001 to £150,00||£50,271 to £150,00||£50,271 to £150,00||£50,271 to £150,00||£50,271 to £150,00||£50,271 to £150,00|
|Additional rate||45%||over £150,000||over £150,000||over £150,000||over £150,000||over £150,000||over £150,000|