The sentencing of five defendants was concluded today at Southwark Crown Court.
The sixth defendant, Michael Nascimento, 41, will be sentenced on the 14 September.
He was described as "the controlling mind, instigator and the main beneficiary of the fraud", which the FCA says is the second largest in its history.
The complex investigation saw:
• Four separate search operations and one unannounced visit
• Seizure of over 100 computers and other digital devices
• Four million documents and (after de-duplication) over 1.4 million documents ingested into the FCA’s Evidence Management System requiring evidential assessment and review.
• 142 witnesses
• 287 witness statements (2,406 pages)
• 3,682 exhibits (23,642 pages)
• Three defendants remanded in custody for breach of court bail by committing further offences.
Commenting on the case, Mark Steward, executive director of enforcement and market oversight at the FCA, said: “These fraudsters callously targeted investors who were often elderly and vulnerable, lying to them to get them to part with significant sums of money.
“Despite efforts to conceal and destroy evidence, the FCA, in one of its largest ever investigations, was able to ensure that these criminals faced justice and ended up behind bars.
“Applications under Proceeds of Crime legislation remain on foot and the FCA is determined to recover as much money from these defendants as possible for the benefit of investors.”
Trial judge, His Honour Judge Hehir, remarked these were “scams from start to finish” and that “some victims have lost everything they had.”
He added that it was “particularly repellent that elderly people had been specifically targeted and their stories “were at times positively heart-breaking.”
Handing down the sentences the judge said: “None of the victims chose to be swindled, others chose to swindle them.
“No victim of these sort of offences should blame themselves.
“Those who commit these offences cannot expect anything but firm punishment.”
Charanjit Sandhu was sentenced to five and a half years’ imprisonment.
The 28-year-old was a senior broker, often using bullying sales tactics and false names.
The judge commented that he was “dazzled by the rewards of crime” and had “lost his moral compass”.
In terms of two of the investors he said that Mr Sandhu “had pestered them mercilessly by telephone” and that his conduct was “cruel and callous” and “chilling.”
Hugh Edwards, 36, was sentenced to three years and nine months’ imprisonment.
He recruited and trained brokers; drafted and sent misleading brochures to potential investors; and personally pitched the product as a senior broker using false names.
Stuart Rea, 50, was sentenced to three years and nine months’ imprisonment.
He fronted one of the companies, recruited and managed the sales brokers, and circulated the misleading promotional material.
Jeannine Lewis, 50, was sentenced to two and a half years’ imprisonment.
As PA to Mr Nascimento she assisted him to launder the proceeds of the fraud through various bank accounts including her own.
She hid and destroyed documents and computers to prevent them falling into the hands of FCA investigators.
The FCA released CCTV footage Jeannine Lewis hiding a computer hard drive in ceiling panels
The judge described Mrs Lewis as “Michael Nascimento’s devoted personal assistant” and that she was “in truth a thoroughly dishonest woman.”
Ryan Parker, 25, was sentenced to two years’ imprisonment to be suspended for 18 months.
He was also ordered to carry out 180 hours of unpaid work.
He fronted two of the boiler rooms for Nascimento and his personal bank accounts were used as a conduit for some of the money.
His sentence was suspended by the judge due to his age and personal mitigation and lower level of involvement.
The judge said that Mr Parker had “been exploited in a significant way by Michael Nascimento”.
The six defendants were charged by the FCA with offences of conspiracy to defraud, fraud, money laundering and perverting the course of justice, as well as breaches of FSMA, and either pleaded guilty or were convicted by the jury.
Mr Sandhu, Mr Edwards and Mr Rea were also made subject to Serious Crime Prevention Orders, and are prohibited from involvement in financial services or the sale of any form of investment for a period of five years after release from prison.
Mr Sandhu, Mr Rea, Mr Edwards and Mr Parker are also banned from being company directors for periods of between seven and 14 years.
Between July 2010 and April 2014, members of the public were cold-called and subjected to high pressure sales tactics to persuade them to purchase shares in a company that owned land on the island of Madeira.
The investors were told that the value of the shares would increase substantially when permission to build 20 villas was granted, thereby enhancing the land’s value.
Investors were promised guaranteed returns of between 125% and 228%.
None were ever paid.
Potential investors were persuaded to buy the shares by a tissue of lies, for instance that the schemes were partnered with Barclays Bank, that planning permission had been obtained for the 20 villas, that that there was a guaranteed share buy-back, that the Four Seasons or Hilton Hotel chains had agreed to buy the completed development for £43m.
None of this was true and Barclays and the hotel chains had no involvement in the fraud.
Investors’ money was used to maintain the fraud and particularly to fund the lavish lifestyle of Mr Nascimento.
The shares were sold through five different companies: Morgan Forbes (UK) Ltd, First Capital Wealth Ltd, Bishops of Mayfair Ltd, Wallberg Dillion Reid Ltd and Sterling Capital Corporation Ltd.